Hepatitis B vaccine
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is spread through exposure to blood and OPIM. HBV can cause potentially fatal liver disease in humans, including cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. Any healthcare worker with the potential for occupational exposure to HBV must be offered the vaccine free of charge. The vaccine, administered in three doses, is safe and effective. The great majority of those vaccinated will develop immunity to the HBV.
Other recommended vaccines
The CDC recommends the following vaccines for healthcare workers who work directly with patients or who have contact with material that could spread infection:
- Influenza (FLU) vaccine annually (often offered free of charge by your facility)
- Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine if you have not had the chickenpox or do not show serological immunity
- Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (Tdap) vaccine one time if have not previously received and Td booster every 10 years
- Meningococcal vaccine (one dose) if routinely exposed to isolates of N. meningitidis
- Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine if born in 1957 or later and have not had the MMR vaccine or do not have up to date evidence of serological immunity
Follow the guidance provided by your healthcare facility.