Introduction to Organizations and Agencies

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Introduction to Organizations and Agencies

There are three main types of organizations that govern medical professionals: certification, accreditation, and professional.
Certification refers to the process of deeming an individual competent within a particular field, e.g. an MLT has passed a certification exam. MLSs and MLTs must maintain certification by completing continuing education units on a periodic schedule. Leading up to certification, an individual must have successfully completed all of the educational requirements. Certification and credentialing are used synonymously.
The main certification organizations include:
  • American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)
  • American Medical Technologists (AMT)
  • American Association of Bioanalysts (AAB)
  • American Board of Pathology (ABPath)
Accreditation refers to the process of recognizing an organization's compliance with the regulatory standards of the industry, e.g. a laboratory has satisfied the safety regulations as confirmed by inspection agencies.
The main accreditation organizations include:
  • College of American Pathologists (CAP)
  • The Joint Commission (TJC)
  • Commission on Office Laboratory Accreditation (COLA)
  • AABB
Professional refers to a membership network of laboratory professionals who strive to improve patient health care and advocate for their profession. Many certification and accreditation organizations are also professional organizations.
The main professional organizations include:
  • American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)
  • American Medical Technologists (AMT)
  • American Association of Bioanalysts (AAB)
  • College of American Pathologists (CAP)
  • AABB
  • American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS)
  • AACC