In a medical facility, the laboratory consists of the anatomical pathology laboratory and the clinical laboratory. Typically, these laboratories are located in adjacent suites.
The anatomical pathology laboratory is the laboratory where patient tissues are diagnosed and where pathology reports are generated. It is also where autopsies are performed and reported.
The anatomical pathology laboratory is directed and staffed by pathologists, or physicians specialized in tissue diagnosis, and by histotechnologists, who process tissues into microscropic slides for pathologist interpretation. It is also staffed by other healthcare personnel including pathology assistants.
The clinical laboratory is the laboratory where patient blood, body fluid, culture, and other specimens are tested and where laboratory reports are generated.
It is staffed by highly trained professionals known as medical laboratory scientists (MLS) (also known as medical technologists (MT)) and medical laboratory technicians (MLT). It is supervised by MLSs, PhDs, or pathologists.
1. Pivnick, Steve. "Medical group labs renew accreditation." U.S. Air Force, 04 May 2011, https://www.keesler.af.mil/News/Art/igphoto/2000259343/. Accessed 15 August 2020.