Populations at Risk of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Acute Viral Hepatitis Panel. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Populations at Risk of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

HBV can be spread via body fluids or through activities that puncture the skin. Mucosal contact with infectious blood or bodily fluids can also lead to infection. Some examples of transmission are listed below:
  • From an infected mother to her newborn
  • Contact with open sores or blood from an infected person
  • Needle sticks or other sharp instrument exposures
  • Sex with an infected partner
  • Sharing injection drug use equipment, such as needles and syringes
Due to these activities, the following populations are more at risk of becoming infected from HBV:
  • Injection drug users
  • Individuals whose sexual partners/household contacts are infected persons
  • Infants born to mothers that are infected
  • Hemodialysis patients
  • Those in intimate association with infected persons
  • Workers that are at risk for occupational exposure to contaminated fluids