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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Understanding and Utilizing Lean and Six Sigma in the Histology Laboratory. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Blaha J, Duarte S. Histology Technology and Lean Healthcare Hand in Hand [i Six Sigma Web site]. February 26, 2010. Available at: Accessed August 26, 2020
CAP Commission on Laboratory Accreditation - Laboratory Accreditation Program. Anatomic Pathology Checklist. Northfield, IL: August 2020.
Cox B. Error Reduction in the Histology Lab. Mikro-graf. Michigan, USA: Michigan Society of Histotechnologists; 2009.
Currier K. Supercharging Histology Workflow. Presentation: Ventana Medical Systems-Workflow Consulting Solutions. 2009.
D'Angelo R, Zarbo RJ. The Henry Ford Production System: Measures of Process Defects and Waste in Surgical Pathology as a Basis for Quality Improvement Initiatives. Am J Clin Pathol. 2007:128;423-429.
Froehling H. What is Six Sigma, What is Lean and How can Lean and Six Sigma be Combined to Lead Organizations to Operational Excellence and Continuous Improvement?White paper; Chi Solutions, Inc; Version 3; January, 2009.
Grimm EE, Schmidt RA. Reengineered Workflow in the Anatomic Pathology Laboratory: Costs and Benefits. Arch Path & Lab Med. April 2009;133;4:601-604. Available at: Accessed August 26, 2020.
Hassell LA, Glass CF, Yip C, Eneff PA. The Combined Positive Impact of Lean Methodology and Ventana Symphony Autostainer on Histology Lab Workflow [BioMed Central Web site]. October 2, 2010. Available at: Accessed August 26, 2020.
Layfield L, Anderson G. Specimen Labeling Errors in Surgical Pathology. Am J Clin Path 2010;134:466-470.
Nakhleh RE, Fitzgibbons PL, eds. Quality Management in Surgical Pathology: Promoting Patient Safety Through Systems Improvement and Error Reduction. Northfield, IL: CAP Press; 2005.
National Society for Histotechnology. Histotechnology Standards of Performance/Competency. National Society for Histotechnology. Bowie, Maryland; 2009.
Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. Lean-Six Sigma Green Belt Training Materials; 2012.
Raab SS, Grzybicki DM, Janosky JE, et al. Clinical Impact and Frequency of Anatomic Pathology Errors in Cancer Diagnoses. Cancer. 2005;104:2205-2213. Available at: Accessed August 26, 2020.
Raab SS. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Hospital Labs Studying Patient Safety Consortium and Error Reduction. Am J Clin Pathol. 2006;126 (suppl).
Sirota RL. Patient Safety and the Pathologist. Paper presented at: College of American Pathologists Conference; 2007:1-148.
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Weaver J. Quality Management in the Histology Laboratory. Presentation for the Texas Health Network, Histotechnology Series; 2012.
Weaver J. Developed in-house process improvement tools for Histology, with reference to Documents Created during I.S.O. Certification and the Histology Process Improvement Initiative. Blanchard Valley Health Association; 2009.
Weaver J. Procedure for Root cause Analysis to Identify Errors and Defects in Histology. Drafted March 2013.
Weaver J. Assessing Competency In the Histology Laboratory. Teleconference presentation the National Society for Histotechnology. Handout materials; 2012.
Zarbo RJ, Tuthill J, D'Angelo R, Varney R, et al. Reduction of Surgical Pathology In-Process Misidentification Defects by Bar Code-Specified Work Process Standardization- The Henry Ford Production System. Am J Clin Pathol. 2009:131;468-477.