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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Chronic Kidney Disease. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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More than 1 in 7 US adults may have CKD.

Epidemiology

In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 15% of the population has CKD. Of concern:
  • 96% of those with kidney damage or mild reductions in renal function go undiagnosed
  • 48% of patients with severely reduced kidney function may not be aware of having disease
Due to these high rates of undiagnosed CKD, considerable effort is ongoing to improve clinician education on the subject.
CKD prevalence is linked to numerous factors, to include sex, race, and socioeconomics. The disease is:
  • More common in women than men (16% vs 13%)
  • More common in non-Hispanic blacks than non-Hispanic whites (18% vs 13%)
  • More common in Hispanics than non-Hispanic whites (15% vs 13%)
Risk of death associated with CKD is directly related to decrease in renal function. The most common cause of death for people with CKD is associated cardiovascular disease, far exceeding that associated with renal failure.
Statistics: National Chronic Kidney Disease Fact Sheet, 2017 (www.cdc.gov)