References

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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course The Toxicology Laboratory's Role in Pain Management: Testing for Opiates. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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References

German Lopez. In one year, drug overdoses killed more Americans than the entire Vietnam War did. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/6/6/15743986/opioid-epidemic-overdose-deaths-2016
Jun 8, 2017. Last accessed April 23, 2020.
Alexa Lardieri. Report: Alcohol, Drug, Suicide Deaths Hit New High. https://www.usnews.com/news/healthiest-communities/articles/2018-02-22/report-alcohol-drug-suicide-deaths-reach-new-high. Feb. 22, 2018. Last accessed April 23, 2020.
Brunton L, Chabner B, Knollman B. Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 12th ed. McGraw-Hill, 2011.
Burtis CA, Bruns DE, eds. Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, 7th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 2015.
Kaplan LA, Pesce A. Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, Correlation. 5th ed. New York: Mosby, 2010.
Perrine D. The Chemistry of Mind-Altering Drugs: History, Pharmacology, and Cultural Context. American Chemical Society Publication, 1996.
Quest Diagnostics, Study Report on Urine Testing for Prescription Drugs. January 2011.
Reisfield et al., Clin Chem, 2009: 55 1765-1768.