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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course HIV Safety for Florida Clinical Laboratory Personnel. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Potentially Infectious Body Fluids

These substances are considered potentially infectious for an occupational exposure:

  • blood
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • synovial fluid
  • pleural fluid
  • peritoneal fluid
  • pericardial fluid
  • amniotic fluid
  • any body fluid visibly contaminated with blood
  • tissues removed during surgery
Although semen and vaginal secretions have been implicated in the sexual transmission of HIV, they have not been implicated in occupational transmission from patients to healthcare personnel.
Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.